Inaugurated five years after the colts’ Classic the 2,000 Guineas, the 1,000 Guineas takes place over the same Rowley Mile at Newmarket but is exclusive to three year old fillies. Nowadays the race takes place on the Sunday after the 2,000 Guineas.

It is the second of Britain’s five Classic races, and the first of two restricted to fillies – the other being the Oaks. It can also serve as the opening leg of the Fillies’ Triple Crown, rarely attempted but successfully accomplished back in 1985 by the Sir Henry Cecil trained Oh So Sharp, who followed up in both the Oaks and St Leger, having won a dramatic renewal of the 1,000 Guineas in the spring.

Since 2001 the prize money for the 1,000 Guineas has equalled that of the 2,000 Guineas.

The winning most jockey is George Fordham, who enjoyed success in the 1,000 Guineas on no fewer than seven occasions: Mayonaise (1859), Nemesis (1861), Siberia (1865), Formosa (1868), Scottish Queen (1869), Thebais (1881), Hauteur (1883).

After Charlotte had won the first running in 1814, the following years were dominated by the most successful trainer in the races history as Robert Robson trained nine winners: Corinne (1818), Catgut (1819), Rowena (1820), Zeal (1821), Whizgig (1822), Zinc (1823), Tontine (1825), Problem (1826), Arab (1827).

The last eight of those successes were for the 4th Duke of Grafton who remains the most successful owner in the race’s history.

In 1825 Tontine walked over and in 1840 Crucufix completed the Guineas double at the shortest odds for a winner, returning at 1/10 favourite, while Mayonaise won the 1859 race by an astonishing 20 lengths.

The 1860 renewal went the way of Sagitta and that name would return to the race as a sponsor in modern times. Formosa was another to complete the Guineas double in 1868 having dead-heated in the 2,000 Guineas that same week.

Two outstanding fillies enhanced the race in the early 20th Century as Sceptre in 1902 and Pretty Polly in 1904 claimed 1,000 Guineas glory and the brilliantly fast Diadem won the race in 1917.

Two horses still remembered to this day at Newmarket one the Guineas around the time of the Second World War. Firstly Rockfel triumphed in 1938 and then four years later the Guineas went to Sun Chariot.

Musidora in 1949 and Meld in 1955 were notable winners and were followed by the extraordinary Petite Etoile in 1959 and Sweet Solera in 1961.

Lester Piggott’s first success came in 1970 when Humble Duty completed the Guineas double for the maestro, who also rode Nijinsky that week in the colts’ equivalent. Highclere was a popular and talented winner for Her Majesty The Queen in 1974, ridden by Joe Mercer. That decade ended with the first of six victories in the race for Sir Henry Cecil, as Mercer rode the diminutive One In A Million to victory in the race.

Cecil’s second win came with Piggott in 1981 when Fairy Footsteps was successful – but the extraordinary thing was that Piggott was able to ride at all. He had been dragged under the starting stalls in a horrific incident days earlier which had almost torn his ear off. Bandaged up the Maestro saddled up on Fairy Footsteps and dictated the pace in vintage style.

Ma Biche beats Favoridge in the 1983 1,000 Guineas at Newmarket Image reproduced with the kind permission of Ed Byrne

Ma Biche beats Favoridge in the 1983 1,000 Guineas at Newmarket
Image reproduced with the kind permission of Ed Byrne

Ma Biche provided a significant winner in 1983 as she was trained by the leading French lady Criquette Head-Maarek – and owned by Sheikh Maktoum Al Maktoum. A year later Pebbles signalled her arrival as a champion filly with a brilliant win which kick-started a career which would take in an Eclipse Stakes and Breeders’ Cup Turf among many other highlights.

Oh So Sharp (seen winning the 1985 Oaks) won the St Leger Image by www.cranhamphoto.com

Oh So Sharp (seen winning the 1985 Oaks) won a dramatic 1985 1,000 Guineas
Image by www.cranhamphoto.com

Oh So Sharp beat a vintage field in an amazing race for the 1985 Guineas. The unbeaten filly appeared beaten with a furlong to run as Classic winner Al Bahathri and Bella Colora set out to fight the finish. But Oh So Sharp and Steve Cauthen sprouted wings in the final 100 yards to catch the pair and inch her nose in front on the line. The outstanding Triptych finished behind in a magnificent renewal.

Midway Lady completed the Guineas-Oaks double in 1986 and in 1987 there was another exceptional superstar winner in the form of dual Breeders’ Cup Mile winner Miesque. Like Oh So Sharp two years earlier, Miesque looked beaten before delivering a phenomenal turn of foot to pass her rivals and win the race in a style that became her trademark in the late 1980s. Ravinella made it two in a row for the French the following year.

Sir Michael Stoute had trained numerous horses to finish second but had not trained a 1,000 Guineas winner until Musical Bliss ended the wait in the 1989 renewal, owned by Sheikh Mohammed.

The Maktoum influence was in the ascendancy by this stage and the outstanding Guineas/Oaks/Irish Derby winner Salsabil took the 1990 renewal in Sheikh Hamdan Al Maktoum’s silks, before the same owner won the race again with Shadayid in 1991.

In 1992 Hatoof won a second renewal for Sheikh Maktoum and Criquette Head-Maarek, defeating the brilliant miler Marling.

Clive Brittain had trained Pebbles to win the race in 1984 and he had another star filly on his hands with Sayyedati, who took the 1993 Guineas. A year later a desperate finish saw Las Meninas beat subsequent Oaks and Irish Derby heroine Balanchine.

Bosra Sham was a brilliant winner in 1996

Bosra Sham was a brilliant winner in 1996

In 1995 Harayir gave the legendary trainer Major Dick Hern a final Classic success and the following two years saw Sir Henry Cecil win back to back runnings with the brilliant Bosra Sham and then Sleepytime, ridden by new stable jockey Kieren Fallon.

Wince winning the 1999 1,000 Guineas for Sir Henry Cecil Image reproduced with the kind permission of Newmarket Racecourse

Wince (pink cap) winning the 1999 1,000 Guineas for Sir Henry Cecil on the July Course
Image reproduced with the kind permission of Newmarket Racecourse

In 1998 Cape Verdi was a brilliant winner of the race and the following year Cecil trained Wince to win the race.

Lahan, Ameerat and Kazzia were all winners for the Maktoum’s at the start of the new Millennium and then Russian Rhythm ran out a classy winner in 2003 under Fallon. Attraction had been a precocious two year old but showed her bold front running tactics were equally adept over a mile at three as she held on for a famous win in 2004.

In 2005 Fallon was at it again as he sealed his new job as first jockey to Aidan O’Brien with a win in both Guineas aboard Footstepsinthesand in the 2,000 and Virgian Waters in the 1,000 a day later.

Speciosa struck a blow for the smaller stables in 2006 and then Finsceal Beo confirmed her earlier promise with Guineas success in 2007. The grey French filly Natagora won the race in 2008 and the following year Barry Hills trained Ghanaati to win the race in the fastest recorded time.

In 2010 there was controversy as the Sir Henry Cecil trained Jaqueline Quest – a 66/1 shot, got the better of the hot favourite Special Duty, but was then disqualified for causing interference, providing Criquette Head-Maarek with her third winner of the race.

Blue Bunting provided something of a surprise winner for Godolphin the following year but not as much as Homecoming Queen’s success in 2012. She was enterprisingly ridden by Ryan Moore and ploughed a lone furrow down the far rail to annihilate her rivals.

Sky Lantern added the Coronation Stakes to her 1,000 Guineas win Image by www.racehorsephotos.co.uk

Sky Lantern was successful in the 2013 1,000 Guineas
Image by www.racehorsephotos.co.uk

In 2013 the race went to Sky Lantern, providing Champion Jockey Richard Hughes with a long-awaited first English Classic success. The grey filly was trained by Richard Hannon in his final season before retirement.

Miss France and Maxime Guyon return in triumph after last year's QIPCO 1,000 Guineas

Miss France and Maxime Guyon return in triumph after winning the QIPCO 1,000 Guineas

A year later, the French trainer Andre Fabre, saddled Miss France to win the race, completing the maestro’s full set of English Classics.

Legatissimo gets the better of Lucida (left) in the closing stages of the QIPCO 1,000 Guineas Image reproduced with the kind permission of Newmarket Racecourse

Legatissimo gets the better of Lucida (left) in the closing stages of the QIPCO 1,000 Guineas
Image reproduced with the kind permission of Newmarket Racecourse

By contrast, in 2015, David Wachman sent out his first English Classic winner as Legatissimo and Ryan Moore were successful.

Minding leads home a Ballydoyle clean sweep in the 1,000 Guineas at Newmarket
Image reproduced with the kind permission of Newmarket Racecourse

Irish domination continued in 2016, as Aidan O’Brien unleashed a real superstar in Minding. The filly had been an outstanding juvenile, when her victories had included the Fillies’ Mile at Newmarket. In the Guineas, she pulled right away from her rivals in a brilliant performance, which set the standard on a memorable 2016. By season’s end, she had added the Oaks, Pretty Polly Stakes, Nassau Stakes and QEII.

Winter wins the Qipco 1,000 Guineas
Image reproduced with the kind permission of Newmarket Racecourse

The 2017 winner, Winter, had the benefit of having been trained both by Wachman and O’Brien. Lightly raced at two, Winter moved to Ballydoyle following the retirement of Wachman. After running second at Leopardstown, she headed to Newmarket relatively unconsidered, but made no mistake in defeating Rhododendron. Winter would prove one of the horses of the year, landing the Irish 1,000 Guineas, Coronation Stakes and Nassau Stakes.

 

1,000 Guineas Roll of Honour:

 

Year Winner Jockey
1814 Charlotte Bill Clift
1815 Filly by Selim Bill Clift
1816 Rhoda Sam Barnard
1817 Neva Bill Arnull
1818 Corinne Frank Buckle
1819 Catgut
1820 Rowena Frank Buckle
1821 Zeal Frank Buckle
1822 Whizgig Frank Buckle
1823 Zinc Frank Buckle
1824 Cobweb Jem Robinson
1825 Tontine
1826 Problem John Barham Day
1827 Arab Frank Buckle
1828 Zoe Jem Robinson
1829 Young Mouse Bill Arnull
1830 Charlotte West Jem Robinson
1831 Galantine Patrick Conolly
1832 Galata Bill Arnull
1833 Tarantella E. Wright
1834 May-day John Barham Day
1835 Preserve Nat Flatman
1836 Destiny John Barham Day
1837 Chapeau d’Espagne John Barham Day
1838 Barcarolle Edward Edwards
1839 Cara George Edwards
1840 Crucifix John Barham Day
1841 Potentia Jem Robinson
1842 Firebrand Sam Rogers
1843 Extempore Sam Chifney, Jr.
1844 Sorella Jem Robinson
1845 Picnic William Abdale
1846 Mendicant Sam Day
1847 Clementina Nat Flatman
1848 Canezou Frank Butler
1849 Flea Alfred Day
1850 Lady Orford Frank Butler
1851 Aphrodite Job Marson
1852 Kate Alfred Day
1853 Mentmore Lass Jack Charlton
1854 Virago John Wells
1855 Habena Sam Rogers
1856 Manganese John Osborne, Jr.
1857 Imperieuse Nat Flatman
1858 Governess Tom Ashmall
1859 Mayonaise George Fordham
1860 Sagitta Tom Aldcroft
1861 Nemesis George Fordham
1862 Hurricane Tom Ashmall
1863 Lady Augusta Arthur Edwards
1864 Tomato John Wells
1865 Siberia George Fordham
1866 Repulse Tom Cannon, Sr.
1867 Achievement Harry Custance
1868 Formosa George Fordham
1869 Scottish Queen George Fordham
1870 Hester Jemmy Grimshaw
1871 Hannah Charlie Maidment
1872 Reine Henry Parry
1873 Cecilia Jack Morris
1874 Apology John Osborne, Jr.
1875 Spinaway Fred Archer
1876 Camelia Tom Glover
1877 Belphoebe Harry Jeffery
1878 Pilgrimage Tom Cannon, Sr.
1879 Wheel of Fortune Fred Archer
1880 Elizabeth Charles Wood
1881 Thebais George Fordham
1882 St Marguerite Charles Wood
1883 Hauteur George Fordham
1884 Busybody Tom Cannon, Sr.
1885 Farewell George Barrett
1886 Miss Jummy John Watts
1887 Reve d’Or Charles Wood
1888 Briar-root Billy Warne
1889 Minthe Jimmy Woodburn
1890 Semolina John Watts
1891 Mimi Fred Rickaby
1892 La Fleche George Barrett
1893 Siffleuse Tommy Loates
1894 Amiable Walter Bradford
1895 Galeottia Fred Pratt
1896 Thais John Watts
1897 Chelandry John Watts
1898 Nun Nicer Sam Loates
1899 Sibola Tod Sloan
1900 Winifreda Sam Loates
1901 Aida Danny Maher
1902 Sceptre Herbert Randall
1903 Quintessence Herbert Randall
1904 Pretty Polly Willie Lane
1905 Cherry Lass George McCall
1906 Flair Bernard Dillon
1907 Witch Elm Barry Lynham
1908 Rhodora Lucien Lyne
1909 Electra Bernard Dillon
1910 Winkipop Barry Lynham
1911 Atmah Freddie Fox
1912 Tagalie Les Hewitt
1913 Jest Fred Rickaby, Jr.
1914 Princess Dorrie Bill Huxley
1915 Vaucluse Fred Rickaby, Jr.
1916 Canyon Fred Rickaby, Jr.
1917 Diadem Fred Rickaby, Jr.
1918 Ferry Brownie Carslake
1919 Roseway Albert Whalley
1920 Cinna Billy Griggs
1921 Bettina George Bellhouse
1922 Silver Urn Brownie Carslake
1923 Tranquil Ted Gardner
1924 Plack Charlie Elliott
1925 Saucy Sue Frank Bullock
1926 Pillion Dick Perryman
1927 Cresta Run Arthur Balding
1928 Scuttle Joe Childs
1929 Taj Mah Wally Sibbritt
1930 Fair Isle Tommy Weston
1931 Four Course Charlie Elliott
1932 Kandy Charlie Elliott
1933 Brown Betty Joe Childs
1934 Campanula Harry Wragg
1935 Mesa Rae Johnstone
1936 Tide-way Dick Perryman
1937 Exhibitionnist Steve Donoghue
1938 Rockfel Sam Wragg
1939 Galatea Bobby Jones
1940 Godiva Doug Marks
1941 Dancing Time Dick Perryman
1942 Sun Chariot Gordon Richards
1943 Herringbone Harry Wragg
1944 Picture Play Charlie Elliott
1945 Sun Stream Harry Wragg
1946 Hypericum Doug Smith
1947 Imprudence Rae Johnstone
1948 Queenpot Gordon Richards
1949 Musidora Edgar Britt
1950 Camaree Rae Johnstone
1951 Belle of All Gordon Richards
1952 Zabara Ken Gethin
1953 Happy Laughter Manny Mercer
1954 Festoon Scobie Breasley
1955 Meld Harry Carr
1956 Honeylight Edgar Britt
1957 Rose Royale Charlie Smirke
1958 Bella Paola Serge Boullenger
1959 Petite Etoile Doug Smith
1960 Never Too Late Roger Poincelet
1961 Sweet Solera Bill Rickaby
1962 Abermaid Bill Williamson
1963 Hula Dancer Roger Poincelet
1964 Pourparler Garnie Bougoure
1965 Night Off Bill Williamson
1966 Glad Rags Paul Cook
1967 Fleet George Moore
1968 Caergwrle Sandy Barclay
1969 Full Dress Ron Hutchinson
1970 Humble Duty Lester Piggott
1971 Altesse Royale Yves Saint-Martin
1972 Waterloo Edward Hide
1973 Mysterious Geoff Lewis
1974 Highclere Joe Mercer
1975 Nocturnal Spree Johnny Roe
1976 Flying Water Yves Saint-Martin
1977 Mrs McArdy Edward Hide
1978 Enstone Spark Ernie Johnson
1979 One In A Million Joe Mercer
1980 Quick As Lightning Brian Rouse
1981 Fairy Footsteps Lester Piggott
1982 On The House John Reid
1983 Ma Biche Freddy Head
1984 Pebbles Philip Robinson
1985 Oh So Sharp Steve Cauthen
1986 Midway Lady Ray Cochrane
1987 Miesque Freddy Head
1988 Ravinella Gary W. Moore
1989 Musical Bliss Walter Swinburn
1990 Salsabil Willie Carson
1991 Shadayid Willie Carson
1992 Hatoof Walter Swinburn
1993 Sayyedati Walter Swinburn
1994 Las Meninas John Reid
1995 Harayir Richard Hills
1996 Bosra Sham Pat Eddery
1997 Sleepytime Kieren Fallon
1998 Cape Verdi Frankie Dettori
1999 Wince Kieren Fallon
2000 Lahan Richard Hills
2001 Ameerat Philip Robinson
2002 Kazzia Frankie Dettori
2003 Russian Rhythm Kieren Fallon
2004 Attraction Kevin Darley
2005 Virginia Waters Kieren Fallon
2006 Speciosa Michael Fenton
2007 Finsceal Beo Kevin Manning
2008 Natagora Christophe Lemaire
2009 Ghanaati Richard Hills
2010 Special Duty Stéphane Pasquier
2011 Blue Bunting Frankie Dettori
2012 Homecoming Queen Ryan Moore
2013 Sky Lantern Richard Hughes
2014 Miss France Maxime Guyon
2015 Legatissimo Ryan Moore
2016 Minding Ryan Moore
2017 Winter Wayne Lordan